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Front-End Development Steps

The goal of front-end development is to ensure the best possible user experience which includes efficiency, speed, and smooth functionality. In fact, a front-end developer acts as a mediator between a designer and a back-end developer.

Moreover, the tools and methodologies used for front-end development are continuously evolving and the developers need to constantly upgrade their skills. In this article, we will answer the question of why the quality of the front-end is critical and how the front-end development process should look like. This might help you choose the right front-end team.

What Front-End Development Is and Why Quality Matters

While back-end developers focus on databases, scripting, and the architecture, front-end specialists ensure that the application is accessible to all users, and it remains responsive in all views – mobile, web, and desktop.

All that a user sees when using the app is the result of front-end developers’ work. A front-end developer takes website design elements and mockups and converts them into CSS, JavaScript (JS), or HTML code. While the designer comes up with graphics and illustrations, the front-end developer translates it all into the code and builds the experience users have with the app.

By combining the UI, development, and analytics, businesses can deliver better experience from their customers’ satisfaction standpoint:

  • Performance
    Slow applications frustrate users and make them search for alternatives. A faster response leads to higher conversion rates.
  • Business Intent
    The app should convey the message the company wants to communicate. The design, graphics, and content should provide answers to users’ questions and encourage them to use the app more.
  • Navigation
    Intuitive navigation ensures that users find what they are looking for. Users need to be able to see clearly what their next steps can be and how to do them.
  • Visitor Retention
    Well-designed interfaces lead to higher conversion rates. Sluggish apps with poor design may alienate users, and they will never come back.

Front End Development Steps

It’s noteworthy that front-end engineers don’t always work alone. They work closely with the product team to follow the roadmap and understand the needs of the project.

app development roadmap

Example of a development roadmap. (Source:

Besides back-end developers, front-end developers also cooperate with design specialists to understand what the user interface should look like.

The front-end development may not be a straightforward process since it’s always adapted to the needs of the project and the client.

Nevertheless, any front-end development process includes a few basic steps.

Step 1. Requirement Gathering

As in other spheres of software development, the front-end development process begins with collecting and defining business requirements. Gathering requirements for the project is the most important part. During this stage, the product owner describes the expectations of the project:

  • what the goal of the project is;
  • who the target audience is;
  • how they will use the product.

It’s important for the development team to understand the needs of the client because this information is critical for addressing the product owner’s requests.

After the client provides requirements for the product, the project managers and the development team start analyzing the requirements. This step is critical for minimizing the chance of a mismatch between customer expectations and the final result.

After project functionality and features are drafted in the software requirements specification document, the development team proceeds to the next stage.

Step 2. Creating Prototype

Once the requirements are collected, the developers create a prototype that is presented to the client for evaluation. A prototype is an early version of the future application. It demonstrates a basic idea of what the app will look like and how it will work.

After receiving client feedback, the development team modifies the prototype and presents it to the client again for evaluation. Once the client approves the prototype, it is used as a requirement for building the actual application.

app prototype


Step 3. Development

At the development stage, all the requirements from the previous phases are transformed into the actual system. Developers define the most relevant front-end frameworks, tools, and the best development practices to ensure that the product is developed in the most efficient way. They purchase and install the respective software and hardware and create the actual code on the basis of given specifications. At this stage the frond-developer:

  • develops user-facing features;
  • builds reusable code for future use;
  • ensures the technical feasibility of UI/UX design;
  • optimizes application for maximum speed and scalability;
  • assures that all user input is validated before submitting to the back-end;
  • collaborates with other team members and the client.

When the development process is over, the client makes a final review.

Step 4. QA and Testing

Testing is normally carried out by Quality Assurance specialists. Once the development process is complete, the app is deployed in the testing environment and the QA specialists start testing the functionality of the app. Testing is performed to ensure that the app works according to the specified requirements.

You may wonder how this step is related to front-end development. The thing is that once the QA team finds some bugs they report on the problems to developers. The developers fix the bug and send the app back to the QA team for retesting. This procedure continues until the app is stable and works flawlessly.

Step 5. Maintenance and Support

The development doesn’t end with the app rollout. Bugs may appear at any time so the development team should constantly monitor the app performance to ensure it functions properly. The main challenge here is to ensure that code enhancement doesn’t cause any other malfunctions.

Bottom Line

Applications with corrupted functionality, poor navigation, low-quality graphics, and other issues are at risk of losing customers. As a result, the business loses not only the money but also the loyal buyers who could spread the word about the brand to their friends and family. A well-designed app with a clear interface and high-resolution graphics support the image of the company as a competent and trustworthy business, where customers can expect quality service.

If you want to start a front end development project or get a free consultation, please feel free to contact us. Our experts will be pleased to help you and answer your questions.

Author Bio

Alex Burets Head of Web Development Department
Alex has 19 years of experience in software development, delivering new and innovative solutions for a myriad of different companies, ranging from small startups to large-scale enterprises with massive programming needs. His main focus areas are web development, front-end development, and eCommerce solutions.

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