React.js Security Guide: Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Ways to Fix Them
Carefully built and well-functioning security systems in web applications help businesses to stand strong and establish trusting relationships with their customers. Security systems prevent sensitive data leaks, help companies maintain their reputation and minimize losses.
Unfortunately, some businesses overlook the importance of security in their apps and run into long-lasting negative consequences. According to Check Point Software’s Security Report, “87% of organizations have experienced an attempted exploit of an already-known, existing vulnerability” in 2020.
Many companies try to minimize security weaknesses. For this, they search for reliable IT companies with extensive app development expertise and use the most effective and time-tested technologies for building their web applications. One of these technologies is React.js.
In this article, we explain why to choose React.js for building your web application and how to secure React apps.
React.js Popularity and Why to Choose It
The main features that make React.js a preferred technology for web development are:
- reusable components for consistent app look and facilitated app development;
- virtual DOM which allows fast web page rendering and improves app performance;
- high abstraction layer that makes app development simple even for React.js beginners;
- Flux – a Facebook architecture for simple data flow management in React.js apps;
- Redux – a state container that organizes React.js apps, making them consistent and easy to test solutions;
- a wide range of development tools, extensions, and compatible libraries.
Stackshare states that React.js has 168.2K stars on GitHub with over 33.8K GitHub forks. More than 9600 companies use React.js in their tech stacks, including Uber, Facebook, Netflix, Airbnb, Pinterest, Instagram, and many others.
Why is it Important to Follow React.js Security
Any business web app involves extensive data exchange and connection to various sources. This helps businesses compete in the market and effectively provide services to their customers. On the downside, this high connectivity makes web apps prone to a wide range of security flaws and data breaches.
When building their web apps with React.js, web developers have to keep in mind that React.js has no default security settings. Therefore, they need to know how to handle the most widespread security issues that may appear in web applications.
The most common React.js vulnerabilities include:
- dangerous URL schemes;
- broken authentication;
- Server-side rendering;
- SQL Injections;
- Zip Slip;
- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS).
React.js Security Vulnerabilities and Solutions
Let’s have a look at the most common React.js vulnerabilities and best practices to prevent them.
Dangerous URL Schemes
- make links start with whitelisted protocol and display HTML entities on a browser;
- eliminate URL input from the users e.g. use a YouTube video ID instead of its link;
- implement third-party tools to sanitize all the input links.
The insecure connection between the web client and the server-side leads to broken authentication and user authorization issues. Hackers can interfere with the authentication and authorization processes and spoil user account data, passwords, session tokens, and other entities.
The most widespread React.js security risk factors related to broken authentication include:
- exposing session IDs in the URL;
- simple or e