How to Сhoose a Сity for Software Development in Poland?
Many businesses that seek software development partners to outsource their IT projects consider Poland as an attractive outsourcing destination. The reasons for this are quite obvious.
The Thologs Globalization Index 2021 considers Poland to be 14th the most digitized nation in the world. Meanwhile, much of Polish IT is focused on outsourcing software development services with 35% of employees working in custom software development companies.
All these factors make Poland a software development leader in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) region. Given this, the IT outsourcing rates remain rather moderate in comparison to Western Europe, the US, or Australia.
According to the Growth Perspectives for Polish ICN Sector by 2025 report, the Polish labor market has a qualified labor force with low costs of labor, much lower than in Sweden, Denmark, Spain, Netherlands, Germany, and others.
If you’re also considering outsourcing development to Poland, here is a quick guide on IT cities in Poland that have the most developed IT outsourcing infrastructure and services.
Are There Many IT Specialists in Poland?
Before we dive into the exploration of the Polish map with major IT cities, let’s have a look at the overall IT talent pool state in Poland.
- In 2022, there are over 400,000 professionals available on the IT market with 66% of tech talent employed by foreign capital
- IT industry market share makes 8% of Polish GDP and 2.7% share in employment with about 430,000 specialists, including 250,000 programmers
- The major foreign investors in the IT sector include Dell EMC, HP Inc, Lenovo, Microsoft, IBM Polska, Intel, Apple, Cisco, Oracle, Google, and others
- Poland is a major FDI investee in the Central and Eastern Europe region. In 2021 the country attracted 3.5 bn euros ($3.97 bn) of investments which will generate around 18,000 new jobs in the business services, IT and software development, automotive, medical, and other sectors
- In the 2020/2021 academic year, there were more than 66 thousand undergraduates that were studying ICT disciplines in Poland and the number of students is growing from year to year.
The Most Popular Programming Languages in Poland
The Most Popular IT Cities in Poland
The Polish IT market can offer a wide range of software development services and specialists for businesses of various sizes – from SMEs to huge international enterprises. However, not all Polish cities have enough capacity to satisfy the needs of enterprise-level companies.
For example, Warsaw, Wroclaw, and Krakow have the highest density of R&D specialists, while Poznan, Katowice and Lodz are better for small and medium companies in nearby countries or on the national market.
Let’s have a closer look at the most IT-driven Polish cities and find out the specifics of their IT communities.
Warsaw is the capital of Poland and one of the major IT hubs for outsourcing and doing business. The city has a population of 1,7 million residents and high employment rates in the IT sphere. The employment rate by headcount in various centers in the following:
- 64,000 employees working in business services centers;
- 26,000 people employed in SSC/GBS centers;
- 11,600 workers in BPO centers;
- 7,000 employees working in R&D centers.
The major R&D centers located in Warsaw are Samsung, Citi, Microsoft, P&G, and others.
Warsaw is also a leading academic center in Poland. The two Polish universities that graduate IT and technical specialists are:
- University of Warsaw – 1st University in Poland, ranked 284 in the QS World University Rankings;
- Warsaw University of Technology – 3rd Best University in Poland, ranked 311 in the QS World University Rankings.
Yearly, there are about 3,000 ICT students who graduate in Warsaw that join the Polish IT community.
Warsaw has a convenient connection with Polish and European cities. There are direct trains from Berlin and Vienna, and highways to Berlin, Poznan, Gdansk, and Katowice. Apart from that, it’s easy to reach Warsaw from the US, the city has two international airports.
Wroclaw is another popular destination with an extensive IT talent pool that has over 52,500 professional software developers. Just like Warsaw, the city houses many foreign and domestic IT companies. Businesses from the US, No