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Why is Java the Main Language for Enterprise Development?

From web to web, electronic devices to servers, Java appears to be one of the most significant and widely accepted programming languages. Java official page states: ‘Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to data centers, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!’ 

Java is widely applied for both small applications and big end-to-end enterprise solutions. On top of that, unlike some other world programming languages whose role has faded with the passing time, Java keeps growing stronger with every recent upgrade released.

According to TIOBE’s index rating, Java is still reported to be one of the top languages for application programming. It takes up the first positions in the common table as of June 2020, followed by C, C++, C#, and PHP.


Another report made by Statista, a German online resource for statistics, as of early 2019, shows that Java is among the Top 5 most deployed programming languages globally.

According to the research by Cloud Foundry Foundation, Java is used in 58% of the enterprises represented by the 601 respondents, and JavaScript is used in 57%. C++ is used in 46% of companies. C# took fourth place (26%) followed by Python (25%).

The surveyed IT decision-makers mentioned over 25 languages but many of those languages fell into the single-digit percentage for use. Overall, larger enterprises tend to use more than one language, but Java stood out in North America, Europe, and Asia.

Why is Java so popular?

Usually, its global recognition is explained by three main reasons: agility, reliability and a tremendous experience gathered by programmers whose most lines of code have been written in Java during the last quarter-century. The ability of Java to keep updated with the modern world and respond quickly to change is unprecedented. The latter also helps to make the best of modern trends. What’s interesting is that, presumably, all these facts still resonate with the promise made by Sun Microsystems, the creator of Java, back in 1996 ¾ WORA, or ‘Write Once, Run Anywhere’.

Choosing the main programming language (especially for enterprise development) might be challenging. What’s more, some experienced programmers may even take it jokingly as whatever language we take (whether C#, C++, JavaScript, Java, or Python) each of them has its own niche and ‘its own path’. For sure, there are a lot of debates about Java and its actual ability to meet the needs of a modern developer. Some believe that Java is vanishing with every passing year, the others are worshiping and waiting for a new Java update.

So, the question is, why is Java so widespread among developers and how does it cope with the intense competition on the enterprise solutions market?

 Java is One of the Pioneering Languages

It happens primarily because Java was unveiled in the early 90s when the whole enterprise development actually overtook others. Literally, it was used as an improved version of C++. However, now we’ve got other languages that could be, probably, equal or even better, but the fact that Java has been a language of enterprise development for years works as a strong argument. Thus, Java comes forward as the default programming language for the vast majority of enterprises offering flexible integration and independent code.

Scalable Infrastructure & Reliability

Secondly, to provide both successful and prolific enterprise-scale development, there is a necessity of sufficient performance to manage enterprise-scale workloads. Minding that things may get hairy when it comes to business logic, Java is appeared to be an all-round universal solution. Of special interest is the fact that libraries are the basic structural units of any enterprise solution. Yet there are heaps of other programming languages, Java is able to tick the box on an issue way quicker and better.

And here comes the third reason which is tightly bound up with the previous one. Java owns a bunch of proven tools, frameworks, and libraries that potentially can handle any requirement.

JVM & Cross-platform Compatibility

Finally, thanks to the existence of Java Virtual Machine (JVM) all applications written in Java are supported by almost all existing platforms including Mac OS, Unix, and Windows. It can run on any device with modern processors. One of JVM’s upside is the ability to ‘jungle’ various threads. JVM is optimized to be used on huge multi-core machines so far managing hundreds of them at once. Just because of this, other programming languages, cross compilers, and emulators have appeared there. This programming language supports lots of hardware devices and even smaller segments can implement it into their business processes.

Many retailers, insurance companies, banks, manufacturers use Java for their app development. It is a handy language for both web and mobile application development as the Android platform is driven by Java. Actually, such well-known and highly-used websites like Google, Facebook, Amazon, Twitter, and others use Java as one of the back-end (server-side) languages.

One may cast their mind back to JavaScript which is also acknowledged as one of the languages for enterprise development. Java and JavaScript differ in the way of applying: the latter being lightweight and dynamically-typed is used basically for frond-end whereas for any back-end features it’s better to stick to Java.

Latest updates

Even after 25 years of its existence, Java remains under active evolving.

Currently, the world knows four versions of Java whilst a vast array of application environments is hit and various requests are responded. Those are Java Micro Edition (Java ME), Java Standard Edition (Java SE), Java Card, and Java Enterprise Edition (Java EE). Since its first release, this language has experienced several changes, packages, and classes additions now being updated up to Java 14 General Availability meanwhile Java 15 is presented as an Early Access build. The company so far boosted Java EE 8. That update is traditionally headed to enterprise-ready APIs simplifications and industry standards support modernization. Concerning JDK 15, it is planned to be released by September 2020. By the way, some updated of the newest version have been already made available.

Bottom line

There are multiple programming languages available for enterprise software development. Despite the many technological advancements, Java has sustained in the software development industry for years. Java is so versatile and offers robust custom solutions for almost all types of commercial needs. It takes leading positions in various rankings and shows no signs of decline.

While many other technologies are emerging around us, Java stays strong. If you are looking  for a Java development company to create a feature-rich application get in touch with us – we have been working with Java for more than  20 years and will be glad to provide you with a competitive edge.

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