Which Application Development Methodology You Should Choose in 2023
The app development process can be quite overwhelming at the start due to the wide choice of application development options. That’s why before getting down to coding, the software development team has to organize the workflow and determine the procedures and development steps. It’s easy to do when opting for one of the multiple software development methodologies.
Each methodology rests on different software development principles and, therefore, they are appropriate for different development tasks. Opting for the right methodology can significantly alleviate software developers’ work and have a positive impact on the developed solution’s performance on the market.
In this article, we’ll have a look at the best approaches and practices in software development and review the most popular and effective app development methodologies.
What Is the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)?
Before getting to application development methodologies, it’s also important to learn more about the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). SDLC is no less important for a smooth software development process as it determines the steps for any kind of app-building project.
Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a universal process software developers closely keep up to deliver effective and easy-to-update applications. It includes a detailed plan of how software developers should build and maintain the requested product. Moreover, this plan often includes the product improvement methodology. This means that the built solution won’t get obsolete any time soon as it’s continuously improved and modified according to the business and end-user needs.
The SDLC’s main steps include:
- Requirements analysis and planning – at this stage business analysts and the client elaborate on the project’s requirements and come up with a development plan with its budget, deadlines, milestones, risks, etc.
- App design and development – this stage is about product prototyping and UI/UX design. Once the prototype is approved by the client, software developers start the product development process.
- Product testing – at this stage, the QA team conducts various types of testing to make sure the software product is bug free and ready for the release.
- App implementation and maintenance – the implementation phase involves the preparation of the product for release to the market. The maintenance stage is fulfilled after the final product presentation and ensures that the developed solution is relevant and meets all the client and their customer requirements.
- Release stage – publication of the application to the App Stores.
The stages in the SDLC model may vary, however, the main principles remain unchanged. Find out in more detail about the SDLC process and the main roles and responsibilities in Software Development Cycle the IT specialists hold in this cycle.
Application Development Methodologies to Choose From
There is a great variety of methodologies that can be used for application development. Each of them introduces certain requirements for the development process – some provide much flexibility and ensure quick time-to-market while others place great emphasis on documentation, explicit product criteria, thorough testing before product release, and many others.
As a result, methodologies have a great impact on how the budget is allocated throughout the project, how quickly the product will appear on the market, how easy it’ll be to introduce changes to the initial development plan, etc.
Let’s have a look at the most widely used development methodologies used for building various kinds of software.
The Agile methodology comprises several short cycles (2-3 weeks each) thus ensuring risk minimization. After the completion of each cycle, the app development team reports the results to the client and if needed do the changes upon customer request. Thus, allowing the client to have full control of the development process. Any app development lifecycle consists of the following stages:
It takes more than one cycle to build a fully-fledged product, but each iteration shows part of the functionality that can be tested and changed. After each cycle, the development team summarizes the results and client feedback to make the necessary adjustments to the development plan.
- More thorough planning. It may be difficult to plan the entire development process at the beginning. With the Agile methodology, you can break the app development process into stages and prepare a plan for each step separately. Bug fixing takes place after each stage of the implemented functionality, thus saving your time and resources.
- Quick changes. Since the development process is divided int