Top 5 PHP Frameworks for Web Development in 2020
PHP has been one of the most popular programming languages for web application development for years. Hypertext Preprocessor aka PHP has been in the spectrum since 1994 and has become an integral part of web development. Whether your web development project is, too complex or you simply need a faster and more reliable web application, PHP can help you achieve all that.
Today, however, the coding complexity has increased significantly. Every day, developers face glitches in development, codes are becoming more modular and it becomes more difficult for developers to start from scratch since coding is a time-consuming process. This is where PHP frameworks come into play.
Frameworks can help developers create web applications faster (by reusing generic components and modules), and perform better (building on one unified structural foundation). By reducing the time and effort required to build generic components, frameworks allow developers to focus on particular development tasks and building high-quality sustainable code. In this article, we will cover the top five PHP frameworks that can help you build agile web applications.
Laravel is a relatively new yet very popular PHP framework. It was released in 2011 and quickly climbed the ladder to success, being ranked as the 10th most popular web framework in 2019 by Stack Overflow. The huge popularity of Laravel can be attributed to its ability to handle complex web apps with complete security and speed in contrast to other frameworks. It also simplifies the development process by easing common tasks like sessions, routing, queuing, and authentication.
PHP developers often favor Laravel because it has great features like object-oriented libraries and some pre-installed ones. These libraries are very easy to implement and have many advanced features like encryption, password resetting, active user check, hashing, and many more.
Laravel’s integrated project environment helps developers manage things with ease. It streamlines complex web development by offering a structured coding approach. It has a built-in tool called Artisan designed to simplify complex tasks which many developers avoid performing manually. What is more, it is easy to learn and begin with, due to the availability of extensive documentation and the abundance of online tutorials.
Symfony is the only PHP framework that precisely follows PHP and web standards. It is a mature and reliable open-source PHP framework with MVC architecture designed to build high-performing complex web applications. Due to its modular-based architecture, Symfony is a great option for building highly-scalable applications.
Like other PHP frameworks, Symfony supports model-view-controller (MVC) architecture which allows for simplifying and accelerating the development of large web applications by keeping the business logic and layers of presentation separate. Its MVC architecture also enables developers to add new functionality without putting extra effort and time.
In addition to being open-source, Symfony is easy to use. It can be installed and configured on multiple platforms with ease. Additionally, due to its flexible nature, Symfony can be tailored to specific needs. At the same time, due to its database engine-independent nature, developers can choose from the commonly used databases according to the size and requirements of the project.
Yii — which stands for Yes, it is! — is a universal object-oriented, component-based framework for developing all kinds of web applications. It is easy to set up and offers a robust set of security features, which allows creating highly secure e-commerce applications, content management systems, forums, portals, and many others.
Yii is so popular because of its ability to deliver speed and performance as well as for enabling developers to obviate the need for writing repetitive SQL statements, as they can model the database data in terms of objects. In addition to that, it is extremely extensible, allowing developers to customize or replace almost every piece of the core’s code. Last but not least, Yii has a large community of developers. With strong community support, developers can post issues on forums and get help.
CakePHP has had both ups and downs but after the release of version 3.7, the framework managed to strengthen its positions.
CakePHP simplifies the development of complex large-scale applications and helps to build websites with visually-impressive features. It allows creating code parts that can be reused for many other projects and provides many plugin helpers and components, thus saving developers’ effort of writing everything on their own. Moreover, since it is based on the concept of CRUD (create, read, update, and delete), CakePHP is easy to learn. This is extremely helpful as you can see a preliminary view of your application with a single line of code.
Being based on the MVC, CakePHP allows saving any query to the database. If any changes are needed in the database, developers can insert, delete, and modify the models according to project requirements. The models collaborate the data with the logic and save it in the database. With this pattern, it is very easy to separate the logic from the presentation, which is very useful for large applications and sites.
CodeIgnitor has been a prominent PHP framework for over 14 years and has still not lost its importance. This open-source PHP framework provides a rich set of functionalities to its developers and users. It comes with excellent data classification and thus provides for better web project management implementation since the data falls under distinct file organization patterns. Another great benefit of using CodeIgniter is that it allows for faster web development. It doesn’t require developers to use 3rd party libraries at all times.
CodeIgniter contains many in-built security tools to give developers the choice of how they want to protect their apps. What is more, the framework enables developers to quickly and smoothly handle errors. All they need to do is to type a code line to get the mistakes displayed.
CodeIgniter is reliable, lightweight, and simple in use. Also, it is easier to understand as compared with other frameworks. Developers can easily change its features and modify the database in different ways, for example, by adding and removing columns from tables through the database.
Which PHP Framework Is Right for You?
PHP frameworks can considerably simplify the development process and reduce the workload. However, all frameworks are unique and offer different, yet amazing features. As such, the decision on the framework to choose should depend on various factors such as performance, security, scalability, ease of use, and many more. So, our suggestion is to start by outlining the requirements of your project and then choose the most suitable PHP framework.
If you need help with analyzing the business requirements of your project and selecting an appropriate tech stack, you can consult us at SCAND. Our experienced architects and developers will examine your business case and provide you with the best fitting solution.